Similarly, close-knit underground classes, from primary schools to universities, were renowned for their high quality. Most notably, the Secret Teaching Organization ( Tajna Organizacja Nauczycielska, TON ) was created as early as in October 1939. 56 The only officially available reading matter was the propaganda press that was disseminated by the German occupation administration. 235 Salmonowicz 1994,. . 196 Salmonowicz 1994,. . They proceeded to confiscate, nationalize and redistribute private and state-owned Polish property. 162163 (in Polish) Kiriczuk, Jurij (2003, April 23). 113 Patriotic puppet shows were staged. 89 Warsaw Politechnic under occupation educated 3,000 students, issuing 186 engineering degrees, 18 doctoral ones and 16 habilitations. Retrieved on June 15, 2008 a b Madajczyk 1970,. . 115 Many of these activities were coordinated under the Action N Operation of Armia Krajowa's Bureau of Information and erotik community fussfetisch forum Propaganda. The Soviets' targets included persons who often traveled abroad, persons involved in overseas correspondence, Esperantists, philatelists, Red Cross workers, refugees, smugglers, priests and members of religious congregations, the nobility, landowners, wealthy merchants, bankers, industrialists, and hotel and restaurant owners. Anfangs, bevor er auftauchte, meinten noch einige hämisch, er sei nichts anderes als eine Art Spitzel, aber die Häme verging allen, als sie Liam zu sehen bekamen. 27 According to another, only 105 of pre-war Poland's 175 museums survived the war, and just 33 of these institutions were able to reopen. Was gibt es Schöneres für einen edlen Ritter, als einer Damsel in Distress aus der Patsche zu helfen? 48 During the war, Warsaw libraries lost about a million volumes, or 30 of their collections. 45 Moreover, the sale of Jewish literature was banned throughout Poland. The destruction of Poland's Jewish community, Poland's postwar territorial changes, and postwar migrations left Poland without its historic ethnic minorities. 105 The second largest center for Polish underground publishing was Kraków. 6364 Lukowski, Zawadzki 2006,. . The Germanization of place names prevailed. 11 a b c d Raack 1995,. .